What are non communicable diseases give examples?
Examples of non-communicable diseases include diabetes, Alzheimer’s, cancer, osteoporosis, chronic lung disease, stroke, and heart disease. Almost four-fifths of all deaths from non-communicable diseases occur in developing countries.
What are noninfectious diseases?
A disease that is not contagious is called a noninfectious disease. These diseases are not caused by pathogens. Instead, they are likely to have causes such as lifestyle factors, environmental toxins, or gene mutations. Common types of noninfectious diseases include cancer, diabetes, and immune system diseases.
What is the most common non contagious disease?
The most common NCDs include cardiovascular diseases (such as heart attacks and stroke), cancers, chronic respiratory diseases (such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and asthma), and diabetes.
What are the 10 communicable diseases?
List of Communicable Diseases
- Enterovirus D68.
- Hepatitis A.
- Hepatitis B.
What are the 5 non communicable diseases?
- Chronic Kidney Disease.
- Chronic Lung Disease.
- Heart Disease.
What are the 10 non communicable diseases?
NCDs include Parkinson’s disease, autoimmune diseases, strokes, most heart diseases, most cancers, diabetes, chronic kidney disease, osteoarthritis, osteoporosis, Alzheimer’s disease, cataracts, and others.
What are the four main types of diseases?
There are four main types of disease: infectious diseases, deficiency diseases, hereditary diseases (including both genetic diseases and non-genetic hereditary diseases), and physiological diseases. Diseases can also be classified in other ways, such as communicable versus non-communicable diseases.
How do diseases spread?
Infectious diseases can be spread through direct contact such as: Person to person. Infectious diseases commonly spread through the direct transfer of bacteria, viruses or other germs from one person to another. These germs can also spread through the exchange of body fluids from sexual contact.
What are the agents of infection?
An infectious agent is something that infiltrates another living thing, like you. When an infectious agent hitches a ride, you have officially become an infected host. There are four main classes of infectious agents: bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites.
What is the most contagious disease?
Measles is one of the most contagious diseases in the world. Anyone who is not protected is at risk, especially when traveling abroad. Measles vaccine works well. About 97 children out of 100 who get 2 doses of vaccine won’t get measles if they’re exposed to it.
How do you get a noncommunicable disease?
Noncommunicable diseases affect people belonging to all age groups, religions, and countries. Noncommunicable diseases are often associated with older people.
What is a noncommunicable disease?
- unhealthy diets.
- lack of physical activity.
- smoking and secondhand smoke.
- excessive use of alcohol.
What are 3 causes of non communicable diseases?
Referred to as a “lifestyle” disease, because the majority of these diseases are preventable illnesses, the most common causes for non-communicable diseases (NCD) include tobacco use (smoking), alcohol abuse, poor diets (high consumption of sugar, salt, saturated fats, and trans fatty acids) and physical inactivity.