What Are Connective Tissue Diseases?

Connective Tissue Diseases.

Your body is held together by tissues that connect all of the structures in your body.

When you have a connective tissue disease, these connecting structures are negatively affected.

Connective tissue diseases include autoimmune diseases like rheumatoid arthritis, scleroderma and lupus.

What are the different types of connective tissue diseases?

There are many different types of connective tissue disorders, including:

  • Rheumatoid arthritis (RA)
  • Scleroderma.
  • Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA)
  • Churg-Strauss syndrome.
  • Lupus.
  • Microscopic polyangiitis.
  • Polymyositis/dermatomyositis.
  • Marfan syndrome.

What are the symptoms of a connective tissue disease?

A common symptom of a connective tissue disease is nonspecific fatigue. Depending on which connective tissue disease is present, and how active it is, a wide variety of symptoms may occur. These include fevers, muscle and joint pain and stiffness, weakness, and many other symptoms.

How is connective tissue disease treated?

Treatment

  1. Corticosteroids. Drugs, such as prednisone, can help prevent your immune system from attacking healthy cells and suppressing inflammation.
  2. Antimalarial drugs.
  3. Calcium channel blockers.
  4. Other immunosuppressants.
  5. Pulmonary hypertension medications.

Is connective tissue disease fatal?

Prognosis. Despite treatment, mixed connective tissue disease worsens in about 13% of the people, causing potentially fatal complications. Causes of death include pulmonary hypertension (mainly) and heart disease. The prognosis is worse for people who have mainly features of systemic sclerosis or polymyositis.

What is the most common connective tissue disorder?

Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA): Rheumatoid arthritis is one of the most common connective tissue diseases and can be inherited. RA is an autoimmune disease, meaning the immune system attacks its own body.

How do I know if I have connective tissue disease?

A common symptom of a connective tissue disease is nonspecific fatigue. Depending on which connective tissue disease is present, and how active it is, a wide variety of symptoms may occur. These include fevers, muscle and joint pain and stiffness, weakness, and many other symptoms.

What does connective tissue disease do to your body?

A connective tissue disease is any disease that affects the parts of the body that connect the structures of the body together. Connective tissues are made up of two proteins: collagen and elastin. Collagen is a protein found in the tendons, ligaments, skin, cornea, cartilage, bone and blood vessels.

Is Fibromyalgia a connective tissue disorder?

Fibromyalgia is one of a group of chronic pain disorders that affect connective tissues, including the muscles, ligaments (the tough bands of tissue that bind together the ends of bones), and tendons (which attach muscles to bones). The cause of fibromyalgia is unknown.

What are 3 types of connective tissue?

Most frequently, the different types of connective tissues are specified by their content of three distinguishing types of extracellular fibers: collagenous fibers, elastic fibers, and reticular fibers.

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