The following risk factors, fairly common in the United States, increase an individual’s chance of contracting one of these diseases:
- High exposure rates.
- Lack of a fully functioning immune system.
- Lack of immunizations.
- Lack of safe sexual practices.
- Lack of hand washing.
What are the risk factors of communicable diseases?
Key contextual risk factors include crowded conditions, forced displacement, poor quality shelter, poor water, sanitation and hygiene conditions, lack of health care facilities and lack of adequate surveillance.
What are the 4 uncontrollable risk factors?
Uncontrollable risk factors for heart disease include:
- Male sex.
- Older age.
- Family history of heart disease.
- Being postmenopausal.
- Race (African-Americans, American Indians, and Mexican Americans are more likely to have heart disease than Caucasians.)
What are the risk factors for non communicable diseases?
Most noncommunicable diseases are the result of four particular behaviours (tobacco use, physical inactivity, unhealthy diet, and the harmful use of alcohol) that lead to four key metabolic/physiological changes (raised blood pressure, overweight/obesity, raised blood glucose and raised cholesterol).
What are controllable and uncontrollable risk factors?
Controllable risk factors include:
- High LDL, or “bad”cholesterol, and low HDL, or “good”cholesterol.
- Uncontrolled hypertension (high blood pressure)
- Physical inactivity.
- Uncontrolled diabetes.
- Uncontrolled stress and anger.