Which diseases or disorders affect the tongue?
Conditions such as oral thrush or oral herpes viruses can cause the tongue to swell due to inflammation.
Other medical conditions include tumorous cancer, acromegaly (giantism), amyloidosis, sarcoidosis, hypothyroidism, and Kawasaki disease.
Tongue swelling can also be found in individuals with Down syndrome.
What does a unhealthy tongue look like?
For clues about problems in your mouth, stick out your tongue and look in the mirror. A healthy tongue should be pink and covered with small nodules (papillae). Any deviation from your tongue’s normal appearance, or any pain, may be cause for concern.
What does early signs of tongue cancer look like?
The most noticeable signs of tongue cancer are a sore on the tongue that does not heal and a painful tongue. red or red and white patches (oral leukoplakia) that appear on the lining of the mouth or the tongue. sores and mouth ulcers that will not heal. a sore throat or pain when swallowing.
What is wrong with my tongue?
Canker sores, lichen planus (shown here), thrush, and geographic tongue can cause pain. Some medications and infections can make your tongue sore, too. Sometimes pain in your tongue can be a sign of cancer, especially if you also have a lump or red or white patches. Bring those problems up with your doctor or dentist.