Echoviruses are common human pathogens that cause a range of illnesses, from minor febrile illness to severe, potentially fatal conditions (eg, aseptic meningitis, encephalitis, paralysis, myocarditis).
Which symptoms are observed in a client with Sjögren’s syndrome?
Sjögren’s syndrome can affect any part of the body; however, patients typically present with two hallmark symptoms–feelings of dryness in the eyes (keratoconjunctivitis sicca) and in the mouth (xerostomia). Dryness can extend to other areas of the body such as the nose, skin, lungs, and vaginal tract.
Which organism is responsible for causing Lyme disease in clients?
Lyme disease is an infection caused by Borrelia burgdorferi, a member of the family of spirochetes, or corkscrew-shaped bacteria.1 Jan 1991
What are the clinical manifestations during the fulminant stage in a client with inhalation anthrax?
Inhalation anthrax symptoms can include:
- Fever and chills.
- Chest Discomfort.
- Shortness of breath.
- Confusion or dizziness.
- Nausea, vomiting, or stomach pains.
- Sweats (often drenching)
Which medication should be immediately started when a client has an anaphylactic attack?
The first step for treating anaphylactic shock will likely be injecting epinephrine (adrenaline) immediately. This can reduce the severity of the allergic reaction. At the hospital, you’ll receive more epinephrine intravenously (through an IV). You may also receive glucocorticoid and antihistamines intravenously.
What is Schrodinger’s disease?
Sjogren’s (SHOW-grins) syndrome is a disorder of your immune system identified by its two most common symptoms — dry eyes and a dry mouth. The condition often accompanies other immune system disorders, such as rheumatoid arthritis and lupus.
What is the best treatment for Sjogren’s syndrome?
Hydroxychloroquine (Plaquenil), a drug designed to treat malaria, is often helpful in treating Sjogren’s syndrome. Drugs that suppress the immune system, such as methotrexate (Trexall), also might be prescribed.
What bacteria causes Lyme disease?
Lyme disease spirochete
Does Lyme disease only affect humans?
Lyme disease is an infection caused by the bacteria Borrelia burgdorferi and is spread to humans through the bite of infected blacklegged ticks (or deer ticks). Lyme disease can affect people of any age. A vaccine for Lyme disease is not currently available.
What’s new in Lyme disease?
Share on Pinterest New research finds a promising new compound in the fight against Lyme disease, which can result from a tick bite. Approximately 60–80% of people with Lyme disease develop a circular red skin rash called erythema migrans around the infected tick bite, and some also develop flu-like symptoms.
What are the clinical manifestations of inhalation anthrax?
Initial signs and symptoms of inhalation anthrax include: Flu-like symptoms, such as sore throat, mild fever, fatigue and muscle aches, which may last a few hours or days. Mild chest discomfort. Shortness of breath.
Which medication is beneficial for a client with pertussis?
Macrolides erythromycin, clarithromycin, and azithromycin are preferred for the treatment of pertussis in persons 1 month of age and older.
What are the clinical manifestations of inhalation anthrax select all that apply quizlet?
Select all that apply. The fulminant stage of inhalation of anthrax is manifested by dyspnea, diaphoresis, and a high body temperature. The prodromal stage of inhalation of anthrax is manifested by a dry cough and mild chest pain. A client experiencing chills and fever is admitted to the hospital.
What are two signs of anaphylaxis?
Some symptoms include:
- Skin rashes and itching and hives.
- Swelling of the lips, tongue or throat.
- Shortness of breath, trouble breathing, wheezing (whistling sound during breathing)
- Dizziness and/or fainting.
- Stomach pain, vomiting or diarrhea.
- Feeling like something awful is about to happen.
What are the 4 types of allergic reactions?
- Type I: Immediate Hypersensitivity (Anaphylactic Reaction) These allergic reactions are systemic or localized, as in allergic dermatitis (e.g., hives, wheal and erythema reactions).
- Type II: Cytotoxic Reaction (Antibody-dependent)
- Type III: Immune Complex Reaction.
- Type IV: Cell-Mediated (Delayed Hypersensitivity)
Can you survive anaphylaxis without treatment?
If you do not receive the proper treatment, anaphylaxis can turn deadly in less than 15 minutes. The hospital staff will want to monitor you closely. They may give you another injection. In the case of severe reactions, one injection is sometimes not enough.