Common retinal diseases and conditions include:
- Retinal tear.
- Retinal detachment.
- Diabetic retinopathy.
- Epiretinal membrane.
- Macular hole.
- Macular degeneration.
- Retinitis pigmentosa.
Retinal diseases – Symptoms and causes – Mayo Clinicwww.mayoclinic.org › symptoms-causes › syc-20355825www.mayoclinic.org › symptoms-causes › syc-20355825
What is retinal disease of the eye?
A retinal disorder or disease affects this very important tissue, which, in turn, can affect vision to the point of blindness. Common retinal conditions include floaters, macular degeneration, diabetic eye disease, retinal detachment, and retinitis pigmentosa.
What are the symptoms of a damaged retina?
- The sudden appearance of many floaters — tiny specks that seem to drift through your field of vision.
- Flashes of light in one or both eyes (photopsia)
- Blurred vision.
- Gradually reduced side (peripheral) vision.
- A curtain-like shadow over your visual field.
How do you treat retinal problems?
- Using a laser. Laser surgery can repair a retinal tear or hole.
- Shrinking abnormal blood vessels.
- Injecting air or gas into your eye.
- Indenting the surface of your eye.
- Evacuating and replacing the fluid in the eye.
- Injecting medicine into the eye.
- Implanting a retinal prosthesis.
What causes retinal damage?
Retinal detachment can also be caused by injury from blunt trauma and certain eye conditions such as advanced diabetic eye disease and severe nearsightedness. The detached portion of the retina is no longer able to properly transmit light signals to the brain.