- Age-Related Macular Degeneration. Legal blindness can be caused by age-related macular degeneration (AMD) because this disease affects the central vision provided by the macula (the specialized central part of the retina).
- Retinitis Pigmentosa.
- Diabetic Retinopathy.
What are some eye diseases that cause blindness?
The five most common diseases that can lead to vision loss or blindness:
- Diabetic retinopathy.
- Age-related macular degeneration.
- Eye injury or trauma.
What is the rarest eye disease?
Examples of rare eye diseases include:
- Bietti’s crystalline dystrophy.
- Idiopathic intracranial hypertension.
- Microphthalmia (missing or small eyes)
- Retinitis pigmentosa.
- Stargardt disease.
- Usher syndrome.
What illnesses affect your eyes?
Eye diseases like macular degeneration, glaucoma, and cataracts, can cause vision problems.