How can we prevent non communicable diseases?
Tools by targets
- Target 1: Reduce mortality from NCDs.
- Target 2: Reduce harmful use of alcohol.
- Target 3: Reduce prevalence of physical inactivity.
- Target 4: Reduce salt intake.
- Target 5: Reduce tobacco use.
- Target 6: Reduce prevalence of raised blood pressure.
- Target 7: Halt the rise in diabetes and obesity.
What are 3 causes of non communicable diseases?
Referred to as a “lifestyle” disease, because the majority of these diseases are preventable illnesses, the most common causes for non-communicable diseases (NCD) include tobacco use (smoking), alcohol abuse, poor diets (high consumption of sugar, salt, saturated fats, and trans fatty acids) and physical inactivity.
What is Global Strategy for the Prevention and Control of Noncommunicable Diseases?
Working in partnership to prevent and control the four noncommunicable diseases — cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, cancers and chronic respiratory diseases and the four shared risk factors – tobacco use, physical inactivity, unhealthy diets and the harmful use of alcohol.
What are the agencies responsible for non communicable disease prevention and control?
Other bodies with responsibilities within the prevention and control of communicable diseases include: health care providers, physicians, child health services, environmental health committees, county administrative boards, the Swedish Board of Agriculture, the National Food Agency, and many more.
What are the risk factors of non communicable diseases?
Metabolic and behavioral risk factors are the most common causes of noncommunicable diseases. The most important risk factors include smoking, blood pressure, unhealthy food diet, inactivity, overweight and obesity, hypercholestrolemia, diabetes and blood sugar and alcohol (1).
Why do we need to control and prevent non communicable diseases?
Preventing noncommunicable diseases. Reducing the major risk factors for noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) – tobacco use, physical inactivity, unhealthy diet and the harmful use of alcohol – is the focus of WHO’s work to prevent deaths from NCDs. Of these deaths, 16 million are premature (under 70 years of age).
Who list of non communicable diseases?
The four main types of noncommunicable diseases include cardiovascular disease, cancer, chronic respiratory disease, and diabetes.
Chronic respiratory disease
- chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
- occupational lung diseases, such as black lung.
- pulmonary hypertension.
- cystic fibrosis.
What are the 4 main types of non communicable diseases?
The four main types of noncommunicable diseases are cardiovascular diseases (like heart attacks and stroke), cancer, chronic respiratory diseases (such as chronic obstructed pulmonary disease and asthma) and diabetes.
What are some examples of non communicable diseases?
Examples of non-communicable diseases include diabetes, Alzheimer’s, cancer, osteoporosis, chronic lung disease, stroke, and heart disease. Almost four-fifths of all deaths from non-communicable diseases occur in developing countries.
WHO’s Global Action Plan for the Prevention and Control of NCDs 2013 2020?
In 2013, the WHO Global Action Plan for the Prevention and Control of NCDs 2013–2020 (Global NCD Action Plan) was adopted by the World Health Assembly to strengthen global and national responses to prevent and control NCDs.
What is the WHO’s 25×25 initiative?
The World Health Organization (WHO) has developed a strategy to reduce premature mortality from NCDs by 25% by the year 2025, by setting targets for improvements in obesity, diabetes, raised blood pressure, tobacco use, salt intake, physical inactivity and harmful use of alcohol (the so-called ’25 by 25 targets’)14.
What is disease prevention and control?
Infection prevention and control (IPC) is a scientific approach and practical solution designed to prevent harm caused by infection to patients and health workers. It is grounded in infectious diseases, epidemiology, social science and health system strengthening.
How can we prevent diseases?
Preventing the Spread of Infectious Diseases
- Wash your hands often.
- Get vaccinated.
- Use antibiotics sensibly.
- Stay at home if you have signs and symptoms of an infection.
- Be smart about food preparation.
- Disinfect the ‘hot zones’ in your residence.
- Practice safer sex.
- Don’t share personal items.
What is the role of DOH in the prevention and control of NCDs?
Develops policies, standards and guidelines for the prevention and control of non-communicable diseases. Develops plans, programs and projects to carry out preventive and control strategies against non-communicable diseases. Assists and strengthens capacity to measure and analyze the burden of degenerative diseases.