What diseases or disorders affect the pituitary gland?
Most common pituitary conditions
- Adult Growth Hormone Deficiency.
- Cushing’s Disease.
- Diabetes Insipidus.
- Non-functioning tumours.
What are the symptoms of pituitary gland disorders?
Depending on which hormones are affected, symptoms might include:
- Unexplained weight loss or weight gain.
- Loss of body hair.
- Feeling cold.
- Feeling tired or weak.
- Menstrual changes or loss of menstrual periods in women.
- Erectile dysfunction (trouble with erections) in men.
How do you treat pituitary gland disorders?
Doctors generally use surgery, radiation therapy and medications, either alone or in combination, to treat a pituitary tumor and return hormone production to normal levels.
What happens if pituitary gland is damaged?
As a pituitary tumor increases in size, it can compress and damage pituitary tissue, interfering with hormone production. A tumor can also compress the optic nerves, causing visual disturbances. In addition to tumors, certain diseases or events that cause damage to the pituitary gland may also trigger hypopituitarism.
What happens if your pituitary gland isn’t working properly?
The symptoms of hypopituitarism depend on which hormones your pituitary gland is not producing enough of. If it doesn’t produce enough follicle-stimulating hormone or luteinizing hormone, it might cause problems with sexual function, menstruation, and fertility.
What are the symptoms of pituitary hormone deficiency?
Hypopituitary SymptomsACTH deficiency: Symptoms include fatigue, low blood pressure, weight loss, weakness, depression, nausea, or vomiting. TSH deficiency: Symptoms include constipation, weight gain, sensitivity to cold, decreased energy, and muscle weakness or aching.
How do you know if something is wrong with your pituitary gland?
Signs and symptoms related to tumor pressureSigns and symptoms of pressure from a pituitary tumor may include: Headache. Vision loss, particularly loss of peripheral vision.
What does a pituitary tumor headache feel like?
Headache pain in these situations is typically characterized by steady, bifrontal or unilateral frontal aching (ipsilateral to tumor). Patients with subacute pituitary apoplexy experience severe and/or frequent headaches over weeks to months and have heme products within the sella on MRI scans.
How do you test for pituitary problems?
One test involves taking a dose of a powerful, cortisone-like drug called dexamethasone, then checking blood or urine cortisol levels. Often more than 1 of these tests is needed to help distinguish ACTH-secreting pituitary tumors from other diseases, such as adrenal gland tumors, that can cause similar symptoms.