Besides human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), the virus that causes AIDS, there a two other retroviruses that can cause human illness.
One is called human T-lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) and the other is called human T-lymphotropic virus type 2 (HTLV-II).
Which disease is caused by retrovirus?
The retrovirus known as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) in humans.
How many human retroviruses are there?
Six human retroviruses have so far been identified. All infect T cells. Two new human retroviruses were identified recently in a few individuals from Central Africa. They are related to HTLV1 and 2 and have been called HTLV 3 and 4.
Are retroviruses harmful?
“Most scientists have become used to the view that retroviruses are generally harmful,” said Nobel Laureate Dr. Retroviruses are able to insert into the genomic DNA of cells they infect, including germ cells.
What is a common retrovirus?
Similar to other vertebrate animals, humans possess retroviruses that exist in two forms: as normal genetic elements in their chromosomal DNA (endogenous retroviruses) and as horizontally-transmitted infectious RNA-containing viruses which are transmitted from human-to-human (exogenous retroviruses, e.g. HIV and human
Can you cure a retrovirus?
Currently, there’s no cure for retroviral infections. But a variety of treatments can help to keep them managed.
Can retroviruses be sexually transmitted?
Retroviruses are a family of viruses that are grouped together based on how they are structured and how they replicate within a host. Both of these viruses are transmitted between people through sexual contact, infected blood or tissue exposure, or during pregnancy or childbirth from an infected person to their child.