List Of Common Genetic Diseases?

What is genetic counseling and how do I know if I need it?

  • chromosome abnormalities (such as Down syndrome)
  • cleft lip/palate.
  • heart defects.
  • mental retardation.
  • neural tube defects.
  • short stature.
  • single gene defects (such as cystic fibrosis or PKU)
  • hearing or visual impairments.

Cystic fibrosis (CF) Cystic fibrosis is one of the most common inherited single gene disorders in Caucasians.Health among the Amish is characterized by higher incidences of particular genetic disorders, especially among the Old Order Amish. These disorders include dwarfism, Angelman syndrome, and various metabolic disorders, such as Tay-Sachs disease, as well as an unusual distribution of blood types.What is genetic counseling and how do I know if I need it?

  • chromosome abnormalities (such as Down syndrome)
  • cleft lip/palate.
  • heart defects.
  • mental retardation.
  • neural tube defects.
  • short stature.
  • single gene defects (such as cystic fibrosis or PKU)
  • hearing or visual impairments.

Examples include cystic fibrosis, sickle cell anemia, Tay-Sachs disease, hemophilia, and Marfan syndrome. Chromosomal abnormalities occur where there are missing or extra chromosomes, or pieces of chromosomes. Down syndrome, the most common chromosomal abnormality, is caused by an extra chromosome number 21.What Are Ashkenazi Jewish Genetic Diseases?

  • Bloom syndrome. Babies with this disease are born small and remain shorter than normal as they grow.
  • Canavan disease.
  • Cystic fibrosis.
  • Familial dysautonomia (FD).
  • Fanconi anemia.
  • Gaucher disease.
  • Mucolipidosis IV.
  • Niemann-Pick disease (type A).

Genetic inherited disorders and diseases (e.g. colorblindness, hemophilia) were reported to be uncommon in all Asian ethnic groups.

  • Cardiovascular disease.
  • Diabetes”.
  • Hepatitis B.
  • Cancer.
  • Mental health.
  • Drug use.
  • Self-esteem.
  • Other.
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What are common genetic diseases?

Information About 5 Common Genetic Disorders

  1. Down Syndrome.
  2. Thalassemia.
  3. Cystic Fibrosis.
  4. Tay-Sachs disease.
  5. Sickle Cell Anemia.
  6. Learn More.
  7. Recommended.
  8. Sources.

What are the 3 types of genetic disorders?

There are three types of genetic disorders:

  • Single-gene disorders, where a mutation affects one gene. Sickle cell anemia is an example.
  • Chromosomal disorders, where chromosomes (or parts of chromosomes) are missing or changed.
  • Complex disorders, where there are mutations in two or more genes.

How many human genetic disorders are known?

There are well over 6,000 known genetic disorders, and new genetic disorders are constantly being described in medical literature. Around 1 in 50 people are affected by a known single-gene disorder, while around 1 in 263 are affected by a chromosomal disorder.

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