Is geographic tongue an autoimmune disease?
Additionally, people who have a condition known as fissured tongue also appear to be more likely to have geographic tongue.
There are several other potential causes of geographic tongue as well: Autoimmune disorders and other inflammatory conditions.
Chronic diseases (diabetes)
What causes geographic tongue to flare up?
A: The cause of geographic tongue is unknown. Several factors have been proposed as possible causes such as emotional stress, psychological factors, habits, allergies, diabetes and hormonal disturbances. However, none of these factors have been conclusively linked to geographic tongue.
What autoimmune disease affects the tongue?
SLE is an autoimmune disease of unknown etiology, influenced by environmental and genetic factors, and which mainly affects women in the second and third decades of life. The prevalence of oral lesions in patients with SLE varies between 6.5% and 21%. SLE affects primarily tongue, oral mucosa, lips and palate.
Does lupus affect the tongue?
Almost a third of lupus patients suffer from a significant reduction in the production of saliva which causes oral symptoms (Table 1) and signs (Table 2). In addition to being dry, the oral mucosa becomes erythematous and the tongue may appear lobulated (Figure 2).
What helps heal geographic tongue?
Treatments for geographic tongue include:
- anesthetic and antihistamine mouthwash.
- oral pain relievers.
- corticosteroid rinses.
- vitamin B and zinc supplements.
What relieves geographic tongue pain?
To manage discomfort or sensitivity, your doctor may recommend medications such as:
- Over-the-counter pain relievers.
- Mouth rinses with an anesthetic.
- Antihistamine mouth rinses.
- Corticosteroid ointments or rinses.
- Vitamin B supplementation, in some cases.
Is geographic tongue a sign of cancer?
Geographic tongue is also known as benign migratory glossitis. Although geographic tongue may look alarming, it doesn’t cause health problems and isn’t associated with infection or cancer.
Is geographic tongue bad?
Is it dangerous? Despite its appearance, geographic tongue is a benign condition. There are no illnesses or cancers associated with it. Though some people may experience discomfort, pain, or burning these sensations are almost exclusively the result of contacting spicy or acidic foods.
What foods cause geographic tongue?
Foods that commonly cause irritation or a burning sensation include hot or spicy foods, acidic foods, salty foods, and sweet foods. Avoid flavored toothpaste: Toothpastes that are highly flavored or have added astringent cleaning ingredients may irritate your tongue.