Bloodborne pathogens are microorganisms such as viruses or bacteria that are carried in blood and can cause disease in people.
There are many different bloodborne pathogens, including malaria, syphilis, and brucellosis, and most notably Hepatitis B (HBV), Hepatitis C (HCV) and the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV).
What are the 3 most common blood borne pathogens?
The three most common bloodborne pathogens (BBPs) are human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), and hepatitis C virus (HCV). This flyer is being sent to employers as an aid to understanding and complying with the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Bloodborne Pathogens Standard.
What is the most common transmission mode for blood borne infections?
Bloodborne pathogens are most commonly transmitted through:Accidental puncture from contaminated needles, broken glass, or other sharps. Contact between broken or damaged skin and infected body fluids. Contact between mucous membranes and infected body fluids. Sexual Contact.
What type of germ is a bloodborne pathogen?
Germs that can have a long-lasting presence in human blood and disease in humans are called bloodborne pathogens. The most common and dangerous germs spread through blood in the hospital are: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV). These viruses cause infections and liver damage.
How are bloodborne pathogens transmitted?
Bloodborne Pathogens can be transmitted when blood or body fluid from an infected person enters another person’s body via needle-sticks, human bites, cuts, abrasions, or through mucous membranes. Also, semen, vaginal secretions and saliva in dental procedures are considered potentially infected body fluids.