Diseases That Affect The Lungs?

The most common lung diseases include:

  • Asthma.
  • Collapse of part or all of the lung (pneumothorax or atelectasis)
  • Swelling and inflammation in the main passages (bronchial tubes) that carry air to the lungs (bronchitis)
  • COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease)
  • Lung cancer.
  • Lung infection (pneumonia)

Lung damage can also result from autoimmune diseases such as:

  • Rheumatoid arthritis.
  • Scleroderma.
  • Dermatomyositis and polymyositis.
  • Mixed connective tissue disease.
  • Sjogren’s syndrome.
  • Sarcoidosis.
  • Lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM)
  • Pulmonary Alveolar Proteinosis (PAP) Syndrome.
  • Hermansky-Pudlak Syndrome (HPS)
  • Birt-Hogg-Dubé Syndrome (BHD)
  • Pulmonary Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis (PLCH)
  • Diffuse Idiopathic Pulmonary Neuroendocrine Cell Hyperplasia (DIPNECH)
  • Pulmonary Alveolar Microlithiasis (PAM)

Alpha-1 antitrypsin (AAT) deficiency is a genetic disorder that is passed on in families and affects the lungs, liver and skin. When this condition affects the lungs, it causes COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease).Sarcoidosis is an inflammatory disease that affects multiple organs in the body, but mostly the lungs and lymph glands. In people with sarcoidosis, abnormal masses or nodules (called granulomas) consisting of inflamed tissues form in certain organs of the body.

What are the most serious lung diseases?

According to the National Institutes of Health (NIH), USA, the most common lung diseases in the USA are:

  1. Pulmonary edema.
  2. Pneumonia.
  3. Lung cancer.
  4. Emphysema.
  5. COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease)
  6. Bronchitis.
  7. Atelectasis – collapse of part and sometimes all (less common) of the lung.
  8. Asthma.

What are the 5 diseases of the respiratory system?

The Top 8 Respiratory Illnesses and Diseases

  • Asthma.
  • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
  • Chronic Bronchitis.
  • Emphysema.
  • Lung Cancer.
  • Cystic Fibrosis/Bronchiectasis.
  • Pneumonia.
  • Pleural Effusion.

What is responsible for lung disease?

Tens of millions of people suffer from lung disease in the U.S. Smoking, infections, and genetics are responsible for most lung diseases. The lungs are part of a complex apparatus, expanding and relaxing thousands of times each day to bring in oxygen and expel carbon dioxide.

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