Emerging diseases include HIV infections, SARS, Lyme disease, Escherichia coli O157:H7 (E.
coli), hantavirus, dengue fever, West Nile virus, and the Zika virus.
Reemerging diseases are diseases that reappear after they have been on a significant decline.
What are the emerging and reemerging diseases?
Important Emerging and Reemerging Diseases
- HIV/AIDS. HIV/AIDS was first described in the scientific literature in June 1981.
- Malaria and tuberculosis. Malaria is one of those diseases that most people in the developed world just do not think about.
- West Nile virus.
- Marburg virus.
How do you control emerging and reemerging diseases?
- Implement, support, and evaluate programs for the prevention and control of emerging infectious diseases.
- Develop, evaluate, and promote strategies to help health-care providers and other persons change behaviors that facilitate disease transmission.
- Support and promote disease control and prevention internationally.
11 Sep 1998
Is Ebola emerging or reemerging?
Ebola is considered an emerging infectious disease. It was first recognized in 1976 as the cause of twin outbreaks of disease near the Ebola River in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (then known as Zaire) and in a region of Sudan. Some 300 people in each country became infected.
What is an emerging viral disease?
Newly emerging viruses are “new” in the sense that they are not known to have previously infected or caused disease in humans. Reemerging viruses are those that were recognized previously but have adapted to become major health threats or have appeared in previously unafflicted geographic locations.
Who re emerging diseases?
What do I mean by a newly emerging disease? A newly emerging disease is a disease that has never been recognized before. HIV/AIDS is a newly emerging disease, as is severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), Nipah virus encephalitis, and variant Creutzfeld-Jakob disease (see Figure 1).
Why is Ebola an emerging disease?
Ebola is considered an emerging infectious disease. This outbreak in the DRC was caused by a different variant of the Ebola virus that produced the much larger and wide-spread outbreak in the same year in West Africa.
What are some examples of emerging diseases?
Emerging diseases include HIV infections, SARS, Lyme disease, Escherichia coli O157:H7 (E. coli), hantavirus, dengue fever, West Nile virus, and the Zika virus. Reemerging diseases are diseases that reappear after they have been on a significant decline.
How can emerging diseases be prevented?
- Strengthen infectious disease surveillance and response.
- Improve methods for gathering and evaluating surveillance data.
- Ensure the use of surveillance data to improve public health practice and medical treatment.
- Strengthen global capacity to monitor and respond to emerging infectious diseases.
What are the factors leading to emerging disease?
Factors that have contributed to these changes are population growth, migration from rural areas to cities, international air travel, poverty, wars, and destructive ecological changes due to economic development and land use.