Multiple sclerosis (MS) is the most common demyelinating disease of the central nervous system.
In this disorder, your immune system attacks the myelin sheath or the cells that produce and maintain it.
This causes inflammation and injury to the sheath and ultimately to the nerve fibers that it surrounds.
What are some demyelinating diseases?
The demyelinating diseases of the peripheral nervous system include:
- Guillain–Barré syndrome and its chronic counterpart, chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy.
- Anti-MAG peripheral neuropathy.
- Charcot–Marie–Tooth disease and its counterpart Hereditary neuropathy with liability to pressure palsy.
What types of symptoms would you expect from a demyelinating disease?
Symptoms: The most common symptoms of demyelinating disorders are:
- Vision loss.
- Muscle weakness.
- Muscle stiffness.
- Muscle spasms.
- Changes in how well your bladder and bowels work.
What are two disorders that are the result of demyelination?
Inflammatory demyelination happens when the body’s immune system attacks myelin. Types of demyelination like MS, optic neuritis, and acute-disseminated encephalomyelitis are caused by inflammation in the brain and spinal cord. GBS involves inflammatory demyelination of peripheral nerves in other parts of the body.
Does demyelination always mean MS?
Demyelination occurs when myelin, which is the protective coating of nerve cells, experiences damage. When this happens, neurological problems can occur. It can result from various medical conditions, including multiple sclerosis (MS).