In the developing world, the leading infectious causes of death are respiratory tract infections, diarrheal diseases, tuberculosis, malaria, and AIDS, which together represent >90% of deaths .
The remaining 10% are due to tropical diseases and various other infections .
Why are infectious diseases more common in developing countries?
Poverty, poor education, low health knowledge, poor infrastructure, geographic factors, life style, and environmental factors (i.e., limited access to resources such as clean water) have been identified as primary factors contributing to the high incidence of infectious diseases among women in developing countries.
What are the three most prominent and deadly infectious diseases facing the developing world?
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), Malaria and Tuberculosis (TB) also known as “the big three” have been acknowledged as infectious diseases that disproportionately affect developing countries.
How do communicable diseases affect the world?
Communicable diseases, alone or in combination with malnutrition, account for most deaths in complex emergencies. Factors promoting disease transmission interact synergistically leading to high incidence rates of diarrhoea, respiratory infection, malaria, and measles.
What is the present of communicable diseases?
Some examples of reportable communicable disease include HIV, hepatitis A, B and C, measles, salmonella, measles, and blood-borne illnesses. Most common forms of spread include fecal-oral, food, sexual intercourse, insect bites, contact with contaminated fomites, droplets, or skin contact.