Microbes and disease
|Infectious disease||Microbe that causes the disease||Type of microbe|
|Whooping cough||Bordatella pertussis||Bacterium|
|Bubonic plague||Yersinia pestis||Bacterium|
5 more rows
What is a microorganism that causes a disease in humans?
Most microbes belong to four major groups: bacteria, viruses, protozoa or fungi. (To find out more, see the “Bacteria/Viruses/Protozoa” fact sheets). Disease-causing microbes can also be called pathogens, germs or bugs and are responsible for causing infectious diseases.
What are the 10 most common diseases?
- Unintentional injuries.
- Chronic lower respiratory disease.
- Stroke and cerebrovascular diseases.
- Alzheimer’s disease. Deaths in 2017: 121,404.
- Diabetes. Deaths in 2017: 83,564.
- Influenza and pneumonia. Deaths in 2017: 55,672.
- Kidney disease. Deaths in 2017: 50,633.
- Suicide. Deaths in 2017: 47,173.
What percentage of microorganisms are harmful to humans?
Most bacteria won’t hurt you – less than 1 percent of the different types make people sick. Many are helpful. Some bacteria help to digest food, destroy disease-causing cells, and give the body needed vitamins.
Which plant diseases are caused by microorganisms?
- aster yellows.
- bacterial wilt.
- blight. fire blight. rice bacterial blight.
- crown gall.
- rot. basal rot.