Interstitial cystitis (in-tur-STISH-ul sis-TIE-tis) is a chronic condition causing bladder pressure, bladder pain and sometimes pelvic pain.
The pain ranges from mild discomfort to severe pain.
The condition is a part of a spectrum of diseases known as painful bladder syndrome.
What causes damage to the bladder lining?
What is interstitial cystitis (IC)? It’s a chronic disease of the bladder that is caused by deficiencies in the lining of the bladder, which allow irritants in the urine to leak through the coating of the bladder into the interstitium where all the nerves and nerve endings are located.
What are the diseases of the bladder?
- Cystitis – inflammation of the bladder, often from an infection.
- Urinary incontinence – loss of bladder control.
- Overactive bladder – a condition in which the bladder squeezes urine out at the wrong time.
- Interstitial cystitis – a chronic problem that causes bladder pain and frequent, urgent urination.
Can the bladder lining heal itself?
The bladder can regenerate like nobody’s business and now we know why. The bladder is a master at self-repair. When damaged by infection or injury, the organ can mend itself quickly, calling upon specialized cells in its lining to repair tissue and restore a barrier against harmful materials concentrated in urine.
What are the symptoms of an inflamed bladder?
Symptoms of a bladder infection may include:
- Pain or burning during urination.
- Urgent need to urinate.
- Pain or tenderness in the abdomen.
- Cloudy, bloody, or foul-smelling urine.
- Low-grade fever.
- Frequent need to urinate.
- Blood in the urine.