Different Types Of Microorganisms And Diseases Caused By Them?

A variety of microorganisms can cause disease.

Pathogenic organisms are of five main types: viruses, bacteria, fungi, protozoa, and worms.

Some common pathogens in each group are listed in the column on the right.

Infectious agents can grow in various body compartments, as shown schematically in Fig.

Which diseases are caused by microorganisms?

Microbes cause infectious diseases such as flu and measles. There is also strong evidence that microbes may contribute to many non–infectious chronic diseases such as some forms of cancer and coronary heart disease. Different diseases are caused by different types of micro-organisms.

What are the different types of microorganism?

Microorganisms are divided into seven types: bacteria, archaea, protozoa, algae, fungi, viruses, and multicellular animal parasites ( helminths ). Each type has a characteristic cellular composition, morphology, mean of locomotion, and reproduction.

What are 5 diseases caused by bacteria?

Bacterial disease

  • Bacteria.
  • Infectious disease.
  • Cholera.
  • Leprosy.
  • Tuberculosis.
  • Plague.
  • Syphilis.
  • Anthrax.

What are the 5 different types of microorganisms?

There are 5 basic groups of microorganisms:

  1. a. Bacteria.
  2. b. Fungi: yeasts and molds.
  3. c. Viruses.
  4. d. Protozoa.
  5. e. Algae.

What are the 10 most common diseases?

  • Cancer.
  • Unintentional injuries.
  • Chronic lower respiratory disease.
  • Stroke and cerebrovascular diseases.
  • Alzheimer’s disease. Deaths in 2017: 121,404.
  • Diabetes. Deaths in 2017: 83,564.
  • Influenza and pneumonia. Deaths in 2017: 55,672.
  • Kidney disease. Deaths in 2017: 50,633.

How do microorganisms affect our lives?

Micro-organisms matter because they affect every aspect of our lives – they are in us, on us and around us. Thanks to their versatility, microbes can be put to work in many ways: making life-saving drugs, the manufacture of biofuels, cleaning up pollution, and producing/processing food and drink.

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What are the 7 major types of microorganisms?

Microorganisms are divided into seven types: bacteria, archaea, protozoa, algae, fungi, viruses, and multicellular animal parasites ( helminths ). Each type has a characteristic cellular composition, morphology, mean of locomotion, and reproduction.

What are the 5 microorganisms?

There are 5 basic groups of microorganisms:

  1. a. Bacteria.
  2. b. Fungi: yeasts and molds.
  3. c. Viruses.
  4. d. Protozoa.
  5. e. Algae.

What are the major group of microorganisms?

Microorganisms or microbes are microscopic organisms that exist as unicellular, multicellular, or cell clusters. Microorganims are widespread in nature and are beneficial to life, but some can cause serious harm. They can be divided into six major types: bacteria, archaea, fungi, protozoa, algae, and viruses.

What is the strongest antibiotic for bacterial infection?

Drugs Used to Treat Bacterial Infection

Drug name Rx / OTC Rating
Flagyl Rx 6.4
Generic name: metronidazole systemic Drug class: amebicides, miscellaneous antibiotics For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects For professionals: AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information
Azithromycin Dose Pack Rx 7.0

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What is the most dangerous bacterial disease?

Myobacterium tuberculosis is one of the world’s leading infectious diseases, causing more than 1.7 million deaths each year.

Can a bacterial infection go away without antibiotics?

Even without antibiotics, most people can fight off a bacterial infection, especially if symptoms are mild. About 70 percent of the time, symptoms of acute bacterial sinus infections go away within two weeks without antibiotics.

What are the most common microorganisms?

The most common types are bacteria, viruses and fungi. There are also microbes called protozoa.

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What type of microorganism is the most resistant form of life?

Different microbial structures and types of microbial cells have different level of resistance to antimicrobial agents used to eliminate them. Endospores are considered the most resistant structure of microbes. They are resistant to most agents that would normally kill the vegetative cells from which they formed.

What are the group of microorganism important in food?

Bacteria, molds and yeast are the most important microorganisms that cause food spoilage and also find the maximum exploitation in production of food and food products. Microorganisms such as Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium are used as in food and health industry.

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