What are the communicable and noncommunicable diseases?
A non-communicable disease (NCD) is a disease that is not transmissible directly from one person to another.
NCDs include Parkinson’s disease, autoimmune diseases, strokes, most heart diseases, most cancers, diabetes, chronic kidney disease, osteoarthritis, osteoporosis, Alzheimer’s disease, cataracts, and others.
What is non communicable disease PDF?
Non-Communicable Disease. (NCD): Definition. (WHO, 2011) Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), also known as chronic diseases, are not passed from person to person. They are of long duration and generally slow progression.
How are communicable and noncommunicable diseases alike?
Preventable communicable, or infectious, diseases like malaria and HIV/AIDS account for millions of deaths in the world each year, especially in low-income countries. Noncommunicable, or chronic, diseases like heart disease and diabetes are having an increasing effect across the globe.
What are the 10 non communicable diseases?
The four main types of noncommunicable diseases include cardiovascular disease, cancer, chronic respiratory disease, and diabetes.
Chronic respiratory disease
- chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
- occupational lung diseases, such as black lung.
- pulmonary hypertension.
- cystic fibrosis.